A lot of important horse breeding countries in Central and Eastern
Europe were part of the former Austrian-Hungarian monarchy.
Famous Arabian, thoroughbred and warmblood horse studs have
influenced the breeding of noble horses. Some autochthonous
Austrian breeds have their roots in these countries - the Old
Austrian Warmblood, Shagya Arabian and Huzulen Horse.
A special institution from those times is the Spanish Riding School in
Vienna and the Federal Stud in Piber, Styria. Lipitsan horses are
specially suited for classical equitation because of their power,
calmness, intelligence and nobleness.
Also the heavy horse was very important
because of their excellent
draught power. With technisation and
mechanisation the good times
of horse breeding ended.
Around 1980 the Austrian horse breeding
reached the bottom (1980: 40.400
horses). Nowadays the number of horses
is increasing. Riding and driving is more
popular than ever, there are also now
fields of using the horse, like horse
therapy. Today there is a population of more than 85.000 horses in
In the conservation programme the rare
horse breeds are listes as
endangered. Therefore the breeders have
the possibility to include
their special interests next to maintain the